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2004  The US state of New York, declared the death penalty unconstitutional.
2003  Russian president, Vladimir Putin, arrived in London on the first visit to Britain by a Russian leader in more than 100 years.
1978  Spanish footballer, Luis Garcia, was born in Badalona.
1978  Argentine footballer, Juan Roman Riquelme, was born in Buenos Aires.
1975  An Eastern Air Lines passenger jet crashed at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York. 113 people died as a result of the crash.
1963  Zanzibar was granted independence by the United Kingdom.
1942  British musician, Mick Fleetwood, was born in Cornwall. He is best-known for his role as the drummer with the rock and roll band Fleetwood Mac.
1927  American physicist, Martin Lewis Perl, was born in New York. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1995 for his discovery of the tau lepton.
1916  Mary Pickford was the first female star to be awarded a million dollar film contract. She was one of the most influential actresses of the silent movies era.
1901  The first ever public exhibition of Pablo Picasso's work opened.
1692  The city of Kingston, Jamaica was founded.
1664  The colony of New Jersey, USA, was founded by Swedish and Dutch settlers.
1441  Eton College was founded by King by Henry VI. Known simply as Eton it is one of the oldest public schools of England and has a very large number of well-known alumni, including 18 former British Prime Ministers.